Weather Deviation Procedures General
NOTE: The following procedures are intended for deviations around adverse meteorological conditions.
184.108.40.206.1 When the pilot initiates communications with ATC, a rapid response may be obtained by stating “WEATHER DEVIATION REQUIRED” to indicate that priority is desired on the frequency and for ATC response. When necessary, the pilot should initiate the communications using the urgency call “PAN PAN” (preferably spoken three times).
220.127.116.11.2 The pilot shall inform ATC when weather deviation is no longer required, or when a weather deviation has been completed and the aircraft has returned to its cleared route. Actions to be Taken When Controller-Pilot Communications are Established
18.104.22.168.1 The pilot should notify ATC and request clearance to deviate from track, advising, when possible, the extent of the deviation expected.
22.214.171.124.3 The pilot should take the following actions:
a. comply with the ATC clearance issued; or
b. advise ATC of intentions and execute the procedures detailed in
126.96.36.199. Actions to be Taken if a Revised ATC Clearance Cannot be Obtained NOTE: The provisions of this section apply to situations where a pilot needs to exercise the authority of a pilot-in-command under the provisions of Annex 2, 2.3.1. If the aircraft is required to deviate from track to avoid adverse meteorological conditions and prior clearance cannot be obtained, an ATC clearance shall be obtained at the earliest possible time. Until an ATC clearance is received, the pilot shall take the following actions:
a. if possible, deviate away from an organized track or route system;
b. establish communications with and alert nearby aircraft by broadcasting, at suitable intervals: aircraft identification, flight level, position (including ATS route designator or the track code) and intentions, on the frequency in use and on 121.5 MHz (or, as a back-up, on the interpilot air-to-air frequency 123.45 MHz);
c. watch for conflicting traffic both visually and by reference to ACAS (if equipped); 188.8.131.52 15.2.3 184.108.40.206 220.127.116.11 18.104.22.168 INTERNATIONAL CIVIL AVIATION ORGANIZATION – AIR TRAFFIC MANAGEMENT 911 AIR TRAFFIC MANAGEMENT (DOC 4444)
NOTE: If, as a result of actions taken under the provisions of 22.214.171.124.1 b) and c), the pilot determines that there is another aircraft at or near the same flight level with which a conflict may occur, then the pilot is expected to adjust the path of the aircraft, as necessary, to avoid conflict.
d. turn on all aircraft exterior lights (commensurate with appropriate operating limitations);
e. for deviations of less than 19km (10 NM) remain at a level assigned by ATC;
f. for deviations greater than 19km (10 NM), when the aircraft is approximately 19km (10 NM) from track, initiate a level change in accordance with Table 15–1;
Table 15–1 Route centre line track Deviations > 19km (10 NM) Level change
EAST 000° – 179° magnetic LEFT RIGHT DESCEND 90m (300 ft) CLIMB 90m (300 ft)
WEST 180° – 359° magnetic LEFT RIGHT CLIMB 90m (300 ft) DESCEND 90m (300 ft)
g. when returning to track, be at its assigned flight level when the aircraft is within approximately 19km (10 NM) of the centre line; and
h. if contact was not established prior to deviating, continue to attempt to contact ATC to obtain a clearance. If contact was established, continue to keep ATC advised of intentions and obtain essential traffic information.